Malgregator

InfoSec Week 48, 2017

The German Interior Minister is preparing a law that will force device manufacturers to include backdoors within their products that law enforcement agencies could use at their discretion for legal investigations.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/government/germany-preparing-law-for-backdoors-in-any-type-of-modern-device/

According to the Citizen Lab, Ethiopian dissidents in the US, UK, and other countries were targeted with emails containing sophisticated commercial spyware sold by Israeli firm Cyberbit.
https://citizenlab.ca/2017/12/champing-cyberbit-ethiopian-dissidents-targeted-commercial-spyware/

Elcomsoft wrote an insight about the drastically degraded security of the Apples iOS 11 operating system.
https://blog.elcomsoft.com/2017/11/ios-11-horror-story-the-rise-and-fall-of-ios-security/

Chinese drone maker D.J.I. is potentially sharing collected data with the Chinese government.
https://mobile.nytimes.com/2017/11/29/technology/dji-china-data-drones.html

Crooks are installing cryptocurrency miners by using typosquatting npm package names. They are searching for the unregistered package names with the difference of one bit from a well known packages.
https://medium.com/avahowell/bitsquatting-npm-packages-533c988d568f

Swiftype written a good blog about their infrastructure risk assessment and threat modeling.
https://swiftype.engineering/threat-modelling-and-infrastructure-risk-assessment-at-swiftype-6c1b337c7df1

Nvidia published a paper about the clustering of a benign and malicious Windows executables using neural networks.
https://devblogs.nvidia.com/parallelforall/malware-detection-neural-networks/

Bucket Stream - Find interesting Amazon S3 Buckets by watching certificate transparency logs.
https://github.com/eth0izzle/bucket-stream

Sysdig Inspect – a powerful interface for container troubleshooting and security investigation
https://github.com/draios/sysdig-inspect/

InfoSec Week 47, 2017

According to the annual State of Open Source Security report, 77% of 433000 analyzed sites use at least one front-end JavaScript library with a known security vulnerability.
https://snyk.io/blog/77-percent-of-sites-still-vulnerable/

The AWS team published blog about the recent improvements to the secure random number generation in Linux 4.14, OpenSSL and libc.
https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/opensource/better-random-number-generation-for-openssl-libc-and-linux-mainline/

Really good introduction to the anonymous communication network design and mix nets in general, published by Least Authority.
https://leastauthority.com/blog/mixnet-intro/

Those guys reverse-engineered the Furby Connect DLC file format and are able to remotely upload their own logos, songs to the device over Bluetooth.
https://www.contextis.com/blog/dont-feed-them-after-midnight-reverse-engineering-the-furby-connect

There is a critical vulnerability in the MacOS High Sierra, anyone can login as root with empty password after clicking on login button several times. For now, it could be mitigated by just changing the root password.
https://krebsonsecurity.com/2017/11/macos-high-sierra-users-change-root-password-now/
https://objective-see.com/blog/blog_0x24.html

Very good investigative journalism about the mysterious NSA contractor which could provided top secret documents to the Shadow Brokers.
https://krebsonsecurity.com/2017/11/who-was-the-nsa-contractor-arrested-for-leaking-the-shadow-brokers-hacking-tools/

Uber paid hackers $100k to delete stolen data on 57 million people and shut up. They have even tried to fake it as an bug bounty payment.
http://blog.trendmicro.com/uber-how-not-to-handle-a-breach/

Someone published remote code execution exploit for the Exim Mail server (CVE-2017-16944) on GitHub. Shodan.io shows more than 400k servers with the vulnerable CHUNKING feature.
https://twitter.com/_miw/status/934872934681804800
https://github.com/LetUsFsck/PoC-Exploit-Mirror

InfoSec Week 46, 2017

Multiple critical vulnerabilities were found in the Intel Management Engine, Trusted Execution Engine and Server Platform Services by Intel audit after 3rd party researchers reported the privilege escalation vulnerability.
http://www.zdnet.com/article/intel-weve-found-severe-bugs-in-secretive-management-engine-affecting-millions/

If you have a vulnerable F5, basically attackers can sign anything with your RSA private key. An F5 BIG-IP virtual server configured with a Client SSL profile may be vulnerable to an Adaptive Chosen Ciphertext attack (AKA Bleichenbacher attack) against RSA, which when exploited, may result in plaintext recovery of encrypted messages.
https://support.f5.com/csp/article/K21905460

MalwareHunterTeam discovered a new variant of the CryptoMix ransomware. It uses hardcoded RSA keys and can work offline.
https://securityaffairs.co/wordpress/65716/malware/cryptomix-ransomware-2.html

Attackers are using Microsoft’s Office documents Dynamic Data Exchange protocol to download and install malware. Microsoft does not consider it a vulnerability.
https://www.zscaler.com/blogs/research/microsoft-dde-protocol-based-malware-attacks

Nice step by step guide on how to put shellcode into a legitimate PE file, and make it undetectable.
https://haiderm.com/fully-undetectable-backdooring-pe-files/

Extensive review of U2F hardware devices.
https://github.com/hillbrad/U2FReviews

al-khaser is a PoC malware with good intentions that aims to stress your anti-malware system. It performs a bunch of nowadays malware tricks and the goal is to see if you stay under the radar.
https://github.com/LordNoteworthy/al-khaser

Puffs is a domain-specific language and library for parsing untrusted file formats safely. Examples of such file formats include images, audio, video, fonts and compressed archives.
https://github.com/google/puffs

InfoSec Week 45, 2017

Researchers exploited antivirus software quarantine mechanism to gain privileges by manipulating the restore process from the virus quarantine. By abusing NTFS directory junctions, the AV quarantine restore process can be manipulated, so that previously quarantined files can be written to arbitrary file system locations.
https://bogner.sh/2017/11/avgater-getting-local-admin-by-abusing-the-anti-virus-quarantine/

Wikileaks released source code of leaked CIA hacking tools and it indicates that the CIA used fake certificates attributed to Kaspersky Labs for signing their malware.
https://wikileaks.org/vault8/
https://twitter.com/i/web/status/928669548210991104

A security researcher has discovered factory application in OnePlus devices. It can be used to gain root privileges, dump photos, collect WiFi & GPS information.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/second-oneplus-factory-app-discovered-this-one-dumps-photos-wifi-and-gps-logs/
https://github.com/sirmordred/AngelaRoot

There was a vulnerability in CouchDB caused by a discrepancy between the database’s native JSON parser and the Javascript JSON parser used during document validation. Because CouchDB databases are meant to be exposed directly to the internet, this enabled privilege escalation, and ultimately remote code execution, on a large number of installations.
https://justi.cz/security/2017/11/14/couchdb-rce-npm.html

Researchers from the Princeton university have been studying third-party trackers that record sensitive personal data that users type into websites, and the results are not good.
https://freedom-to-tinker.com/2017/11/15/no-boundaries-exfiltration-of-personal-data-by-session-replay-scripts/

iPhone X's Face ID facial recognition security mechanism system was circumvented by Vietnam experts using a 3D mask.
http://www.bkav.com/d/top-news/-/view_content/content/103968/face-id-beaten-by-mask-not-an-effective-security-measure

Security researcher Maxim Goryachy reports being able to execute unsigned code on computers running the Intel Management Engine through USB.
https://twitter.com/h0t_max/status/928269320064450560

Deep dive into the Facebook sextorcism scheme using fake young girls profiles by the guys from Marseille.
http://ici.radio-canada.ca/special/sextorsion/en/index.html

Long read about how the security breaches by the Shadow Brokers damaged the US National Security Agency.
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/12/us/nsa-shadow-brokers.html

Analysis of a low cost Chinese GSM listening and location device hidden inside the plug of a standard USB data/charging cable.
https://ha.cking.ch/s8_data_line_locator/

Privacy Pass is a browser extension for Chrome and Firefox, which uses privacy-preserving cryptography to allow users to authenticate to the services without compromising their anonymity. It uses blind signature schemes.
https://privacypass.github.io

InfoSec Week 44, 2017

There are at least 14 newly discovered vulnerabilities in the Linux kernel USB subsystem. The vulnerabilities were found by the Google syzkaller kernel fuzzer. According to the researchers, all of them can be triggered with a crafted malicious USB device in case an attacker has physical access to the machine.
http://www.openwall.com/lists/oss-security/2017/11/06/8

Mozilla will remove root certificate of the Staat der Nederlanden (State of the Netherlands) Certificate Authority from Firefox browser if the Dutch government vote a new law that grants local authorities the power to intercept Internet communication using "false keys".
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/mozilla-wants-to-distrust-dutch-https-provider-because-of-local-dystopian-law/

Bug hunter Scott Bauer has published an in depth analysis of the Android remotely exploitable bug in the blog post named "Please Stop Naming Vulnerabilities: Exploring 6 Previously Unknown Remote Kernel Bugs Affecting Android Phones".
https://pleasestopnamingvulnerabilities.com/

Some web pages use textfield with the CSS "asterix" trick instead of the password field so they can bypass browser security warning when password field is on an unencrypted web page. Nonsense.
https://www.troyhunt.com/bypassing-browser-security-warnings-with-pseudo-password-fields/

More than 54 thousand have the same pair of 512-bit RSA keys as their DNS Zone Signing Keys.
https://lists.dns-oarc.net/pipermail/dns-operations/2017-October/016878.html

Good blog from the ElcomSoft about the history and current possibilities in the iOS and iCloud forensics.
https://blog.elcomsoft.com/2017/11/the-art-of-ios-and-icloud-forensics/

The Norwegian National Communications Authority reported GPS signal jamming activity in the Finnmark region near the Russian border.
https://twitter.com/aallan/status/926553232591159296/photo/1
https://rntfnd.org/wp-content/uploads/Norway-Comms-Auth-Report-GPS-Jamming-Sept-2017.pdf

Mac and Linux versions of the Tor anonymity software contained a flaw that can leak users real IP addresses.
https://blog.torproject.org/tor-browser-709-released

Software and HDL code for the PCILeech FPGA based devices that can be used for the Direct Memory Access (DMA) attack and forensics is now available on a GitHub. The FPGA based hardware provides full access to 64-bit memory space without having to rely on a kernel module running on the target system.
https://github.com/ufrisk/pcileech-fpga

InfoSec Week 43, 2017

Researchers from the Masaryk University finally published full paper of the practical cryptographic attack against the implementation of RSA in the widely used trusted platform modules / crypto tokens.
"The Return of Coppersmith’s A‚ttack: Practical Factorization of Widely Used RSA Moduli" https://crocs.fi.muni.cz/_media/public/papers/nemec_roca_ccs17_preprint.pdf

Those guys published an interesting paper about the secure cryptographic computation with the threat model without attackers based on Earth. They are proposing SpaceHSM hardware secure devices on the orbit.
"SpaceTEE: Secure and Tamper-Proof Computing in Space using CubeSats"
https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.01430

There is a small chance that the documents encrypted by Bad Rabbit ransomware could be recovered without paying ransom, if the shadow copies had been enabled in the Windows prior to infection. Victims can restore the original versions of the encrypted files using standard Windows backup mechanism.
For technical analysis of the Bad Rabbit ransomware, see the second link.
https://securelist.com/bad-rabbit-ransomware/82851/
https://www.endgame.com/blog/technical-blog/badrabbit-technical-analysis

Google is going to deprecate the use of pinned public key certificates, public key pinning (PKP), from the Google Chrome browser.
https://groups.google.com/a/chromium.org/forum/#!msg/blink-dev/he9tr7p3rZ8/eNMwKPmUBAAJ

The British government has publicly attributed North Korean government hackers as a source behind the "WannaCry" malware epidemy.
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/wannacry-malware-hack-nhs-report-cybercrime-north-korea-uk-ben-wallace-a8022491.html

Multiple remote execution vulnerabilities (CVE-2017-13089, CVE-2017-13090) were patched in the popular software Wget. Update!
https://www.viestintavirasto.fi/en/cybersecurity/vulnerabilities/2017/haavoittuvuus-2017-037.html

The source code of an AhMyth Android remote administration tool is available on GitHub. It can steal contact information, turn on camera, microphone, read SMS, and more.
https://github.com/AhMyth/AhMyth-Android-RAT

Malscan is a robust and fully featured scanning platform for Linux servers built upon the ClamAV platform, providing all of the features of Clamscan with a host of new features and detection modes.
https://github.com/jgrancell/malscan

There is an update for the world's fastest and most advanced password recovery utility Hashcat.
https://github.com/hashcat/hashcat/releases/tag/v4.0.0

InfoSec Week 42, 2017

Interesting research on the possibility of a cheap online surveillance.
"In this work we examine the capability of [..] an individual with a modest budget -- to access the data collected by the advertising ecosystem. Specifically, we find that an individual can use the targeted advertising system to conduct physical and digital surveillance on targets that use smartphone apps with ads."
https://adint.cs.washington.edu/

Mnemonic company together with the Norwegian Consumer Council tested several smartwatches for children and found numerous security vulnerabilities that allows child tracking, etc.
https://www.forbrukerradet.no/side/significant-security-flaws-in-smartwatches-for-children

The Cisco Talos team discovered an e-mail campaign spreading malicious Visual Basic inserted in a Cyber Conflict U.S. conference flyer, targeting cyber warfare conference participants.
http://blog.talosintelligence.com/2017/10/cyber-conflict-decoy-document.html

SfyLabs security researchers have spotted a new Android banking trojan named LokiBot. It has banking trojan functionality, but turns into ransomware and locks users out of their phones if they try to remove its admin privileges.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/lokibot-android-banking-trojan-turns-into-ransomware-when-you-try-to-remove-it/

There is a newly published cryptographic attack on some legacy systems like Fortinet FortiGate VPN, which uses ANSI X9.31 random number generator with a hardcoded seed key.
https://duhkattack.com/
https://blog.cryptographyengineering.com/2017/10/23/attack-of-the-week-duhk/

Nice explanation of a remote code execution vulnerability (CVE-2017-13772) on a TP-Link WR940N home WiFi router.
https://www.fidusinfosec.com/tp-link-remote-code-execution-cve-2017-13772/

Purism’s Librem Laptops running open-source coreboot firmware are now available with completely disabled Intel Management Engine.
https://puri.sm/posts/purism-librem-laptops-completely-disable-intel-management-engine/

Wire, open source end-to-end encrypted messenger is now open for corporate clients. It offers secure chats, calls and file sharing while following strict European data protection laws.
https://medium.com/@wireapp/wire-open-for-business-2c535033cf9a

InfoSec Week 41, 2017

SensePost researchers found out that the Microsoft Office home page is able to compromise user by loading ActiveX component with VBscript.
https://sensepost.com/blog/2017/outlook-home-page-another-ruler-vector/

Microsoft security department were contacted by a worried user that found 2 seemingly identical µTorrent executables, with valid digital signatures, but different cryptographic hashes. As they have found out there were marketing campaign identifier in "a text file inside a ZIP file inside a PE file, BASE64 encoded and injected in the digital signature of a PE file.". Quite complicated...
https://isc.sans.edu/forums/diary/Its+in+the+signature/22928/

A vulnerability (CVE-2017-15361) in generation of RSA keys used by a software library adopted in cryptographic smartcards, security tokens and other secure hardware chips manufactured by Infineon Technologies AG allows for a practical factorization attack, in which the attacker computes the private part of an RSA key. The attack is feasible for commonly used key lengths, including 1024 and 2048 bits, and affects chips manufactured as early as 2012, that are now commonplace.
https://crocs.fi.muni.cz/public/papers/rsa_ccs17

The rolling code in electronic keys for Subaru Forester (2009) and some other models are not random. Keys can be cloned, cars unlocked, with the hardware costs of $25. https://github.com/tomwimmenhove/subarufobrob

Microsoft reintroduced a Pool-based overflow kernel vulnerability on Windows 10 x64 (RS2) Creators Update which was originally patched in 2016. The guys wrote an exploit with rich explanation.
https://siberas.de/blog/2017/10/05/exploitation_case_study_wild_pool_overflow_CVE-2016-3309_reloaded.html
https://github.com/siberas/CVE-2016-3309_Reloaded

Blog about the "Exploding Git Repositories" that will crash your git process.
https://kate.io/blog/git-bomb/

MediaTek and Broadcom Wi-Fi AP drivers have a weak random number generator, allowing prediction of Group Temporal Key. Practical attack requires a LOT of handshakes.
https://lirias.kuleuven.be/bitstream/123456789/547640/1/usenix2016-wifi.pdf

How to hide a process from SysInternals without the admin rights, but with the privilege escalation.
https://riscybusiness.wordpress.com/2017/10/07/hiding-your-process-from-sysinternals/

Adam Langley blogged about the low level testing of the FIDO U2F security keys, namely Yubico, VASCO SecureClick, Feitian ePass, Thetis, U2F Zero, KEY-ID / HyperFIDO.
https://www.imperialviolet.org/2017/10/08/securitykeytest.html

Good introductory blog about the (in)security of Intel Boot Guard. The author also published source code of the UEFITool with visual validation of Intel Boot Guard coverage.
https://medium.com/@matrosov/bypass-intel-boot-guard-cc05edfca3a9 https://github.com/LongSoft/UEFITool

A script that tests if access points are affected by Key Reinstallation Attacks (CVE-2017-13082) was published on a GitHub by researcher Mathy Vanhoef.
https://github.com/vanhoefm/krackattacks-test-ap-ft

The Miscreant is a Misuse-resistant symmetric encryption library supporting the AES-SIV (RFC 5297) and CHAIN/STREAM constructions.
https://tonyarcieri.com/introducing-miscreant-a-multi-language-misuse-resistant-encryption-library
https://github.com/miscreant/miscreant

InfoSec Week 40, 2017

There is a great probability that if you used Outlook’s S/MIME encryption in the past 6 months, plaintext of your emails was leaked to the mail exchange because of Outlook S/MIME CVE-2017-11776 vulnerability.
https://www.sec-consult.com/en/blog/2017/10/fake-crypto-microsoft-outlook-smime-cleartext-disclosure-cve-2017-11776/index.html

The Kaspersky anti-virus was allegedly stealing NSA secrets using a silent signature mode that detected classified documents. Israel hacked the Kaspersky, and notified the NSA.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/israel-hacked-kaspersky-then-tipped-the-nsa-that-its-tools-had-been-breached/2017/10/10/d48ce774-aa95-11e7-850e-2bdd1236be5d_story.html
https://www.wsj.com/articles/russian-hackers-scanned-networks-world-wide-for-secret-u-s-data-1507743874

A custom OxygenOS Android fork that comes installed on all OnePlus smartphones, is tracking users, allowing OnePlus to connect each phone to its customer.
https://www.chrisdcmoore.co.uk/post/oneplus-analytics/

Chromebooks and Chromeboxes are affected by a bug in certain Infineon Trusted Platform Module (TPM) firmware versions. RSA keys generated by the TPM being vulnerable to a computationally expensive attacks. Targeted attacks are possible.
https://sites.google.com/a/chromium.org/dev/chromium-os/tpm_firmware_update

KovCoreG hacking group used advertising network on Pornhub to redirect users to a fake browser update websites that installed malware.
https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/kovter-group-malvertising-campaign-exposes-millions-potential-ad-fraud-malware

Apple released a security patch for macOS High Sierra 10.13 to fix vulnerabilities in the Apple file system (APFS) volumes and Keychain software. The patch also addresses a flaw in the Apple file system that exposes encrypted drive’s password in the hint box.
http://securityaffairs.co/wordpress/63896/hacking/apple-file-system-flaw.html

Yet another part of the reverse engineering blog post series analyzing TrickBot with IDA.
https://qmemcpy.io/post/reverse-engineering-malware-trickbot-part-3-core

Keybase has launched a nice new feature - encrypted Git. There are no services like website, pull requests, issue tracking or wiki, just simple git. Encrypted.
https://keybase.io/blog/encrypted-git-for-everyone

InfoSec Week 39, 2017

Security researcher Gal Beniamini from Google has discovered a security vulnerability (CVE-2017-11120) in Apple's iPhone and other devices that use Broadcom Wi-Fi chips and published working exploit after notifying affected parties.
https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.sk/2017/10/over-air-vol-2-pt-2-exploiting-wi-fi.html

Google engineers also found multiple flaws and vulnerabilities in the popular DNS software package - Dnsmasq. The patches are now committed to the project’s git repository. Make sure to upgrade to v2.78.
https://security.googleblog.com/2017/10/behind-masq-yet-more-dns-and-dhcp.html

Arbor Networks researchers attributed Flusihoc DDoS botnet to the Chinese origins. More than 154 different command and control servers were used during the years, with over 48 still active right now.
https://www.arbornetworks.com/blog/asert/the-flusihoc-dynasty-a-long-standing-ddos-botnet/

HP Enterprise shared ArcSight source code with the Russians.
https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2017/10/hp_shared_arcsi.html

The vulnerability in Siemens industrial switches allows an unauthenticated attacker who has access to the network to remotely perform administrative actions.
https://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/advisories/ICSA-17-271-01

Computer manufacturer company Purism is currently running crowdfunding campaign to finance Librem 5 – A Security and Privacy Focused Phone.
From the campaign webpage:
"Librem 5, the phone that focuses on security by design and privacy protection by default. Running Free/Libre and Open Source software and a GNU+Linux Operating System designed to create an open development utopia, rather than the walled gardens from all other phone providers."
Support them!
https://puri.sm/shop/librem-5/

Microsoft announced new cloud-based memory corruption bug detector with the codename Project Springfield.
https://blogs.microsoft.com/ai/2016/09/26/microsoft-previews-project-springfield-cloud-based-bug-detector/

Super-Stealthy Droppers - Linux "Diskless" binary execution by example.
https://0x00sec.org/t/super-stealthy-droppers/3715


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